Rumours that Prince Robert had spotted the Japanese fleet that attacked Pearl Harbor on 7 December, were denied and proven to be false. To allow access to jetties of different heights, shell doors were located on each deck. George MacNair. The cruiser's main armament consisted of ten quick-firing 4-inch (102 mm) Mk XVI high-angle/low-angle dual-purpose guns in five twin turrets. I’m very much looking forward to exploring these communities and meeting the British Columbians who call these beautiful places home. Prince Robert's landing parties were replaced by Marine detachments from the battleship HMS Anson. The ship then sailed pilgrimage routes. In 1928, the president of Canadian National, Sir Henry Thornton, announced orders for three luxury liners for service on the Pacific coast as part of the effort to re-establish the tri-city route between Vancouver and Victoria, British Columbia and Seattle, Washington and to create a new market for Alaskan cruises. [4] However, Prince Robert was forced to return to Birkenhead after the vessel developed engine troubles. HMCS Clayoquot during the war. Though intended only for chartering by the Royal Canadian Navy, it was later decided to purchase the vessels outright with Prince Robert acquired for $700,000 in November 1939. Earle was a boatswain deployed on Her Majesty’s Canadian Ship (HMCS) Winnipeg. On 15 August, Japan surrendered and Prince Robert was part of Task Group 111.2 sent to secure Hong Kong from Japanese control. In September 1939 all Canadian [7][20] This was done to provide a visual presence of the Royal Canadian Navy and to satisfy the American demand for a credible Canadian naval presence. Two German aircraft were shot down. The minesweeper was named after Clayoquot Sound on Vancouver Island, British Columbia.3 1 Design and description 2 Construction and career 2.1 Sinking 3 See also 4 … You will not receive a reply. Empress of Japan. HMCS PRINCE ROBERT Builders;-Cammell, Laird & CO ltd. Birkenhead, 1930. your own Pins on Pinterest Prince Robert displaced 5,579 tonnes (5,491 long tons; 6,150 short tons) and had a gross register tonnage (GRT) of 6,893 tons and a net tonnage (NT) of 3,072 tons. When the conversion was completed, Prince Robert resembled the Hawkins-class cruisers and were the most powerful vessels in the Canadian fleet until the arrival of larger ships later in the war. [6] Prince Robert was ordered in 1929 by Canadian National for construction by Cammell Laird at their shipyard in Birkenhead with the yard number 966. On 19 November, Prince Robert sailed for Manila, Philippines, arriving two days later to refuel and replenish before sailing again for home. on Dec. 3, 1914 and joined the R.C.N.V.R. servicewith a call at Prince Rupert, CNs rail terminus. sisters, Prince Robert was purchased in December, 1939, and fitted out as an AMC, commissioning at Vancouver July 31, 1940. [2], Problems with the design arose after entering service. [23][24] Prince Robert was also given four depth charge throwers. She saw action mainly in the Battle of the Atlantic. VC-95 from Bogue (CVE-9); Br. Prince Robert followed Weser out to international waters remaining undetected, with the Germans thinking that Prince Robert just another Mexican patrol vessel. HMCS Scotian, Halifax, Nova Scotia; HMCS Chatham, Prince Rupert, B.C. This flag was damaged and needed to be replaced on March 12, 1944. [4][34], Category:Auxiliary anti-aircraft ships of the Royal Navy, Water-tube, five-drum, super-heated main boilers, water-tube, five-drum, super-heated main boilers, The Prince-class vessels at the Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMCS_Prince_Robert&oldid=998832331, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aleutians 1942, Atlantic 1943-44, English Channel 1944, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 06:45. Prince Robert was one the two initially chosen. The Royal Canadian Navy Frigate was in port last weekend serving as the host venue for Lieutenant Governor Janet Austin's tour of the North Coast and Haida Gwaii. HMCS Clayoquot (J 174) Minesweeper of the Bangor class. Their speed created a tremendous wash that damaged the sea walls in West Vancouver, British Columbia. Prince Rupert was sold in 1947, and her hull expended as a breakwater at Royston, British Columbia a year later. [2][4] The third ship of the class after Prince Henry and Prince David, the ship was launched on 3 April 1930 and named after Robert B. Teakle, a vice-president of Canadian National. [19], After returning to Canada, Prince Robert resumed patrols along the coastal shipping lanes as part of Esquimalt Force. By May 1942 the ship was overhauled at Esquimalt, receiving plastic bridge armour, ASDIC for ASW detection, and 20 mm (0.79 in) cannon for AA protection. [13][11], The design of the conversion was laid out by the naval architecture firm Lambert, German & Milne of Montreal and work on Prince Robert began on 9 February 1940 at Burrard Dry Dock, Esquimalt, British Columbia with an expected delivery in July. Prince Robert was chosen for conversion to an auxiliary AA cruiser for use in air defence for convoys. Irwin trained as a wireless operator and, after doing shore duty in the Halifax communications centre, joined the frigate HMCS Prince Rupert, which was assigned to convoy duty. [8] Though the "Princes" were made available, Prince Robert and its sister ships were initially rejected due to their poor range, limited water supply and low top speed. Prince Robert arrived at Esquimalt on 20 October and was paid off on 10 December 1945. Prince Robert returned to service later that year and escorted convoys in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea between the United Kingdom and Naples, Italy, defending them against air attack. Converted at Esquimalt, British Columbia and commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy in September 1941, Prince Robert saw its first action along the Mexican coast, capturing the German freighter Weser later that month. 172 & 206, Haverfield (DE-393),Hobson (DD-464), HMCS Prince Rupert & Br. HMCS Prince Robert: The Career of an Ar:med Merchant Cruiser C.R. H. Freeland, DSO, RCNR). In Prince Rupert there was an old ship they were using as an oil tanker. HMCS Prince Robert was the first of three refrigerated passenger and cargo ships constructed at Birkenhead for Canadian National for operation along the British Columbia Coast during the 1930s. 1 hold. [30] The ship was transferred to the War Assets Corporation for disposal in January 1946 and laid up in Bedwell Bay, at the northern end of Burrard Inlet. After returning to service, the vessel made trips from Naples, Italy to Rio de Janeiro, Naples to Halifax and Naples to Central America. HMCS Prince Rupert K324 From the collection of Robert Macklem Courtesy of Kelly Macklem Drawing by a crew member of U 575 in memory of the sailing on HMCS Prince Rupert 1944 after their U-boat was sunk Most of Prince Rupert's Cadets will attend HMCS quadra for their summer training. Draney, RCNR), HMCS Napanee (T/Lt. Their failure was one of the contributing factors in the resignation of the president of Canadian National, Sir Henry Thornton. Two booms were situated forward over the no. As tensions mounted after attempts to communicate failed, a US destroyer moved to intercept the ships and ascertain their identity, which resolved the situation. In 1932 the ROBERT made extended cruises to Bermuda and the Caribbean from Boston and New York. R.C. Prince Robert was ordered to Hong Kong to repatriate Canadian prisoners of war and to assist in control of the island. Medley, DSO, RN), HMCS Bittersweet (T/A/Lt.Cdr. Designed by A.T. Wall & Co. of Liverpool as luxury liners with the ability to be converted into armed merchant cruisers, Prince Robert was the last of the three. 220: 46-18 N, 27-34 W: 15 Mar: U-653: Kandler: HMS Vindex's Aircraft, HMS Starling & Wild Goose *53-46 N, 24-35 W: 16 Mar: U-392: Schümann: VP-63, HMS Affleck & Vanoc *35-55 N, 05-41 W: 16 Mar: U-801: Branz HMCS Prince Rupert K324. They belonged to another convoy, but this information had not been passed to Prince Robert's commander. The third ship of the clas… [23] The ship recommissioned on 7 June 1943 at Vancouver and on 19 June, departed for the River Clyde, via the Panama Canal and Bermuda. Prince Rupert left St. John’s, Newfoundland, on 3 January to join her maiden convoy, SC.150, and was continuously employed as an ocean escort until late that year. was born in Prince Rupert, B.C. HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Prince Robert moved to seize the German vessel after crossing into international waters, taking the Germans by surprise. Prince Robert was ordered to the area to search but found nothing. Governor's Tea, hosted by the visiting naval vessel HMCS Calgary and a surprise stop over by the Cruise Ship Island Princess all provided for the backdrop for the the hectic afternoon for the Cow Bay area. They embarked aboard Prince Robert at Vancouver and were accompanied by a naval escort to their disembarkation site at Victoria. Royal Canadian Navy warships performed a vital role in protecting convoys during the long voyage across the Atlantic. Prince Rupert was ordered in October 1941 as part of the 1942–1943 River-class building program. Following the Prince Robert, he served the remainder of … [7][25], On 20 October, Prince Robert was ready for active service, and the following day sailed to join the Mediterranean Fleet to be used as an AA escort for convoys operating between the United Kingdom and Sierra Leone and convoys in the Mediterranean Sea. The HMCS Prince Rupert was named after the city of Prince Rupert. They could carry 1,500 passengers on day trips. [16] On 11 September, Prince Robert departed Esquimalt for one day of gunnery trials before sailing south to reinforce the Allied blockade of German ships in South American ports. J.P. Fraser, RCNR) and HMCS Outremont (T/A/Lt.Cdr. by Commander George R. MacFarlane RCN (1985) HMCS Prince Robert (Photo from MacFarlane Family collection.. See the Wikipedia article on the three … Jun 22, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Robert Sr. Prince Robert was commissioned on 31 July 1940 at Vancouver and was ready for sea trials in September. Passengers had the use of five decks. Commissioned at Esquimalt, British Columbia, on 30 August 1943, the River Class frigate HMCS Prince Rupert arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 21 October and worked up at Pictou, Nova Scotia, before joining Escort Group C-3 as Senior Officer’s ship in January 1944. Intended for the emigrant trade, in 1953, the ship underwent significant reconstruction, being lengthened to 399 feet 11 inches (121.9 m) overall and the gross register tonnage decreasing to 6,723 tons. She was sunk in 1944. HMCS Prince Rupert, Eastview, and Dunver, all River class frigates, USS Tattnall, a Clemson class destroyer. During the air assault, one merchant ship was sunk and another damaged. The ship was sold to private buyers who returned to the vessel to the cargo/passenger trade as Charlton Sovereign in 1948. CFB Esquimalt Naval & Military Museum accession No. On 15 March 1962, Lucania was sold for scrap to G. Riccardi and broken up at Vado Ligure, near Livorno, Italy. The ship returned to Canada on 20 October 1945 and was paid off on 10 December and transferred to War Assets Corporation for disposal. In November, Prince Robert escorted the troop transport Awatea that carried C Force to Hong Kong. From November through February each year, Skagway froze over during winter and Prince Robert was laid up for overhaul. She served primarily as a convoy escort in the Battle of the Atlantic. Force D remained in Alaskan waters until 30 October when they departed for Canada, arriving on . The ship did not enter service until May 1931 and began sailing on the tri-city routes. [2][3] In July 1931, Prince Robert ran aground near Port Townsend, Washington and was withdrawn from service. [2] It was not until 1935 that Prince Robert began seeing more regular service when the ship began to make 11-day cruises to Skagway, Alaska. Sqdn. Charlton Sovereign then made a voyage from Bremerhaven to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, developing engine problems again. [5], In 1932 the ship was chartered for extended cruises from Boston, Massachusetts and New York City to destinations such as Bermuda, ports in South America and Hawaii. The commander of Prince Robert waited until Weser had exited the harbour mouth before placing his ship between Weser and the port, cutting off the German vessel's retreat. Sqdns. The offer was accepted and the Royal Canadian Navy looked around for ships for possible conversion. Some Reflections on HMCS Prince Robert 1941–1942. The ship achieved 22.25 knots (41.21 km/h) during sea trials and had a range of 6,000 nautical miles (11,112 km) at economical speeds or 3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h). At San Francisco, the AA armament was altered, with four twin Oerlikon mounts replaced with four twin 40 mm (1.57 in) Bofors gun mounts. The ship's arrival during the Great Depression led to the vessel's financial failure and by 1935, the ship was in limited use. Prince Robert was primarily deployed to escort convoys between Kodiak and Dutch Harbor, each trip taking roughly seven days followed by a four-day maintenance period. With the onset of World War II, the Royal Canadian Navy acquired the vessel for use as an armed merchant cruiser for protection of western coast of Canada. [2], The ship had a refrigerated cargo capacity forward and could had accommodation for 334 first class passengers and 70 third class. [7][27], Prince Robert recommissioned at Vancouver on 4 June 1945 and sailed for Sydney, Australia on 4 July via San Francisco. In November 1944, Prince Rupert began a refit at Liverpool, Nova Scotia, and upon completion joined Escort Group 27, Halifax, the following March. A Red Ensign which flew from HMCS Prince Rupert. Jay, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMCS Prince Rupert (T/Lt.Cdr. Prince Robert was taken out of service on 2 January 1943 and converted. The convoy had previously survived a concerted U-boat assault and the day Prince Robert joined the escort screen, the convoy came under air attack. the lowest was C-Deck where the dining-room was located aft, and above on B-Deck were mainly cabins, with a small Georgian Court aft. On 13 March 1944, along with American naval ships and both American and British aircraft, she assisted in sinking the German submarine U-575 in the North Atlantic. [28] In early August, Prince Robert joined the British Pacific Fleet. Prince Robert departed Plymouth in September, sailing to Esquimalt for another overhaul. In 1985, seventy-four members of her ship’s company held a reunion at the site. [18] On 25 September Weser was spotted departing Manzanillo after dark. HMCS Chatham, a naval reserve division, was established at 51 McBride St. in Prince Rupert. [25] In January 1944, Prince Robert was reassigned to Plymouth Command but remained as AA support for convoys travelling to the Mediterranean. [5], In 1928, the president of Canadian National, Sir Henry Thornton, announced orders for three luxury liners for service on the Pacific coast as part of the effort to re-establish the tri-city route between Vancouver and Victoria, British Columbia and Seattle, Washington and to create a new market for Alaskan cruises. While stopped at Bermuda, the vessel's gunnery systems were modified. Prior to his service on the H.M.C.S. [5], Prior to the outbreak of World War II, the Royal Canadian Navy offered to the British Royal Navy to convert vessels for their own armed merchant cruisers if they were provided with the armaments. [5][9] In mid-1939, Prince Robert was chosen to act as a royal yacht during the visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to British Columbia. The first convoy Prince Robert sailed with nearly led to an incident. While most losses were caused by U-boat attacks, aerial raids … The vessel had three funnels and was equipped with six lifeboats per side. Following the entry of the United States into the war in 1941, Prince Robert took part in the naval operations in Alaska alongside its sister ships Prince Henry and Prince David. In 1955 with much exercising in the Prince Rupert-Kitimat-Kemano area, there was also good salmon fishing in Lowe Inlet. On 21 November, Prince Robert joined the escort of the joint convoy SL 139/MKS 30. The conversion cost $755,330 and included the trunking of the three funnels into two shorter ones, the installation of four breech-loading 6-inch (152 mm) Mk VII guns, one on each of the two decks forward and aft. HMCS PRINCE ROBERT (F56) The History of the PRINCE ROBERT. At full load displacement, the draught increased to 21 feet 1 inch (6.4 m). [15], Prince Robert arrived off Manzanillo, Mexico on 18 September and patrolled the entrance to the harbour. She then returned to the Alaska route, which was an 11-day, 2000-mile trip to Skagway via the inside passage, calling at Sitka, Juneau, Ketchikan, and Prince Rupert. [7] After escorting 17 convoys, Prince Robert was withdrawn from European waters in September as the German air threat diminished and transferred once again to the Pacific. Prince Robert then continued patrolling along the Pacific coast of North America, then being sent to Australia to escort troop convoys across the Pacific. F.B. HMCS Prince Robert was one of three identical ships used as armed merchant cruisers (AMCs) by the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) during the Second World War. The voyage took 86 days. Canadian prisoners of war from the units Prince Robert had ferried over to Hong Kong in 1941 were brought aboard the ship to be transported back to Canada. S. Henderson, RCNR), HMCS Saskatchewan (Cdr. This led to Prince Robert and its sister ships having to reduce speed to 10 knots (19 km/h) in Burrard Inlet. The vessel's draught was 16 feet 6 inches (5.0 m) aft. On 7 December, the United States Army Transport Cynthia Olsen was sunk 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi) south of Prince Robert's location. HMCS Chatham, a naval reserve division, was established at 51 McBride St. in Prince Rupert. VRP1993.399.168. Edition – K324 HMCS Prince Rupert (WW2 River Class, then Prestonian Class) Your weekly national and international naval news for the week of September 27th , 2019 Editor NAC News rhughes@shaw.ca (comments welcome to help improve this service) On the eve of war, Canada had but six modern destroyers, with no prospect of additional ships for some time. The ship's armament was completely changed. HMCS Prince Robert, mostly unidentified crew members, 1945. The armed merchant cruiser arrived at Esquimalt on 10 December. Prince Robert transported 109 members of the Royal Rifles of Canada to Hong Kong. Three passenger/cargo ships were ordered by Canadian National from Cammell Laird for construction in the United Kingdom. Upon completion, Prince Robert and her sister ships were the most powerful ships operated by the Canadians until the arrival of larger cruisers later in the war. [22], As the war progressed, the "Princes"' deficiencies as armed merchant cruisers and the need for newer ship types led to the decision to convert the three ships. Shelley Introduction HMCS Prince Robert was one of three identical ships used as armed merchant cruisers (AMCs) by the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) during the Second World War. Commissioned at Esquimalt, British Columbia, on 30 August 1943, the River Class frigate Prince Rupert arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 21 October and worked up at Pictou, Nova Scotia, before joining Escort Group C-3 as Senior Officer’s ship in January 1944. R.W. [26] While supporting convoys travelling to Naples, Italy, the ship was tied into the local AA defence of the harbours it was docked in by telephone. [21] In June the Royal Canadian Navy was informed of the upcoming Aleutian Islands Campaign by the United States. Prince Robert paused at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii before sailing for Esquimalt on 4 December. [8] The three sister ships were considered economic failures for Canadian National, with their arrival coinciding with the Great Depression. 2nd row from the front, 5th from left, is John “Jack” A. Hawes, who was an RCN photographer. [7][28] Prince Robert's commander represent Canada at the formal surrender of Hong Kong to Allied forces on 16 September. HMCS Clayoquot was a Bangor-class minesweeper that served with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. Prince Robert had an open bridge placed in front of a small, enclosed wheelhouse. (Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve) in 1935. ... Clayoquot was laid down on 20 June 1940 by Prince Rupert Dry Dock and Shipyards Co. at Prince Rupert, British Columbia. The vessel had been deployed to the Asia-Pacific region since September for operations PROJECTION and NEON, in which members conduct training, exercises and engagement with foreign navies. In June 1945, she sailed for Esquimalt, and was paid off there 15 January 1946. HMCS Prince Robert, sailor and mascot, 1945. Discover (and save!) Built in Vancouver, Chignecto spent her whole career on the west coast, alternating between Esquimalt Force and Prince Rupert Force. In 1939, along with her two sister ships, Prince David and Prince Henry, she was acquired by the RCN and converted into an Armed Merchant Cruiser. HMCS PRINCE RUPERT (K324) The History of the PRINCE RUPERT Commissioned at Esquimalt on August 30, 1943, she arrived at Halifax October 21, worked up at Pictou and, in January, 1944, joined EG C-3 as Senior Officer's ship. With the conversion, Prince Robert became one of the more powerful AA ships in the war. [34], In 1951, the ship was acquired by Fratelli Grimaldi, renamed Lucania and registered in Naples. Prince Robert was then redirected to escort Australian troop convoys across the Pacific for the seven months, spending September and October in refit at Esquimalt. [22] Beginning in May, Prince Robert was placed under Royal Navy control as an escort and patrol ship attached to the New Zealand Station. ... All were dispatched on the V.V.S. HMS Prince Rupert was a First World War Royal Navy Lord Clive -class monitor named after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, an important Royalist commander of the English Civil War and key figure in the Restoration navy. HMCS Chignecto (1st of name) (J160) / Bangor-class Minesweeper. [1] The ship was 385 feet 0 inches (117.3 m) long overall with a moulded breath of 57 feet 0 inches (17.4 m) and a moulded depth of 20 feet 2 inches (6.1 m). It caught fire and burned for days and we had to go out on harbour craft and turn the hoses on it. HMCS Prince Rupert is depicted under aerial assault in the North Atlantic. Mr. Irwin spent his entire time at sea aboard this vessel. [31][32], War Assets sold Prince Robert to the Charlton Steam Shipping Company in 1947. Royal Canadian Navy : HMCS Prince Robert HMCS Prince Robert was built in 1930 by CN Steamships, to serve as a small luxury liner serving the tourist trade on Canada's west coast. The Prince Robert was a former Canadian National Steamships passenger liner well known on the west coast. C Force was the Canadian contingent for the garrison of Hong Kong. HMCS Chignecto J160. A river-class frigate, she was built at the Yarrow Shipyard in Esquimalt between August 1, 1942 and February 3, 1943. She saw action mainly in the Battle of the Atlantic. For more information on HMCS Quadra, the Sea Cadet Summer Training Centre on canada's west Coast, visit the Quadra Facebook page. [7] In August, the Americans requested Canadian support and Prince Robert, Prince Henry, Prince David and two Flower-class corvettes, HMCS Vancouver and HMCS Dawson were ordered to join the American fleet at Kodiak, Alaska as "Force D". The conversion allowed them to carry 750 passengers in eight-berth cabins and 20 to 40-person dormitories. On 27 August, the convoy encountered unknown ships crossing their path. Upon return to Europe, the ship underwent two-month refit on the River Tyne. [33] The ship was registered in London and re-entered service in 1948. [8][11] However, after the outbreak of war, there was a shortage of cruisers and destroyers to deter surface raiders, and the conversion of the three vessels was incorporated in the 1939 Shipbuilding Programme. Within the port, the 9,472-ton German merchant vessel SS Weser was known to be getting ready to sail. She was converted to an auxiliary … [17], Prince Robert returned to patrolling off the west coast of South and Central America until early February 1941 when the armed merchant cruiser was replaced by a British cruiser. She was sunk in 1944. [29] Upon arrival on 31 August, Prince Robert sent landing parties to secure the dock area, railyard and train station. Brooks-Hill, RCNVR), HMCS Waskesiu (Lt.Cdr. For enquiries, contact us. Prince Robert, he served on the H.M.C.S. The Canadian ship sent a boarding party which was able to prevent the German ship from being scuttled and captured Weser. Prince Robert's complement was 241 officers and ratings. I joined HMCS Prince Robert in 1941 in Esquimalt BC. The HMCS Calgary arrived in Prince Rupert on Friday, and remained docked overnight. From Europe to locations in Central and South America Lucania and registered Naples... 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