2. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division. Learn more about the country, including its history. Greek and Turkish are its official languages.Its official currency is Euro (EUR). Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. Learn more about the country, including its history. Kormakitis was a long-time stronghold of the language, but most Maronites relocated to the south and spread after 1974, fuelling its—now very likely—death. Since 2011 English is the sole official language of South Sudan. It is not entirely clear when Arabic first made its way to Cyprus, but Arabic speakers are known to have emigrated from the Levant in the late 12th century AD. As a third step of the strategic planning process, the four-year strategy that articulates the U.S. priorities in a given country is developed that is referred to as the Integrated Country Strategy (ICS). The Arabic language is spoken in North Africa, and the Arabian peninsula. [3]:4.4 A reported 80.4% of residents of Cyprus perceive to have command of the English language as L2, a 10.8% of French, a 4.6% of German, a 2.8% of Russian, and a 2.0% of Spanish. It is spoken by an estimated 900 Cypriot Maronites, all over the age of 30. 2) Cyprus . Cypriot Arabic is an recognized minority language in the EU member state of Cyprus and … Today it is a popular tourist destination. These codes are used throughout the IT industry by computer systems and software to ease the identification of country names. "[19], The constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran recognizes the Arabic language as the language of Islam, giving it a formal status as the language of religion, and regulates its spreading within the Iranian national curriculum. According to a prepared curriculum, second and third graders will start learning the Arabic language by listening-comprehension and speaking, while introduction to writing will join these skills in fourth grade and after fifth grade students will start learning the language in all its four basic skills.[14][15]. It is semi-official and used in ethnically mixed cities including Jerusalem, Haifa, and Tel Aviv-Yafo, as well as on most highway signage, official websites, and public buildings in areas with significant Arabic-speaking populations. Last updated on June 29th, 2020. [9][circular reference] Eritrea is also an observe state for the Arab League due to their close relationship with Arabic and the Arab world. The official languages of the Republic of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish.[2]:art. [16][17][18], Emanating from Anatolia and evolved for four centuries, Cypriot Turkish is the vernacular spoken by Cypriots with Ottoman ancestry, as well as by Cypriots who converted to Islam during Ottoman rule.[19]. Third periodical report by the Republic of Cyprus", "Usus Norma Loquendi" – Cypriot Greek podcast about the languages of Cyprus, "North Cyprus Discovery" – Cypriot Turkish languages basics, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Cyprus&oldid=999096751, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 13:35. [32] However, such change was not enacted. This is a list of countries by total area. Like Christian Arabs established in other Arab countries, e.g. [27], While the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258) originally gained power by exploiting the social inequalities against non-Arabs in the Umayyad Empire, during Abbasid rule the empire rapidly was Arabized. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic is an official language. [15] Indeed, Greek Cypriots are diglossic, with SMG the high (taught) and CG the low variety (naturally acquired), itself a dialect continuum that has been long undergoing levelling and koinénisation. After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Arabic (as the language of Quran) became mandatory for pupils in Iran. 2 that "The State shall endeavour, as respects the Muslims of Pakistan (a) to make the teaching of the Holy Quran and Islamiat compulsory, to encourage and facilitate the learning of Arabic language ..."[18] The caliphs of the Arab dynasty established the first schools inside the empire which taught Arabic language and Islamic studies for all pupils in all areas within the caliphate. The following is a list of non-sovereign entities and autonomous regions as well as territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. recognized as the sole legitimate government, Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People, immigrated from different Arab countries to Israel, Learn how and when to remove this template message, fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada, "Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: ara", "Syrian president slams Arab League for granting seat to opposition", "Regime backers express anger at other nations after Arab League suspends Syria", "Implementation of the Charter in Cyprus", Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, "Full text of Basic Law: Israel as the Nation State of the Jewish People", "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, Article XIV, Section 7", Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training, "Gambia to drop English as 'colonial relic'", "Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh, a dictator and ‘proud’ of it", "L Bassin de I'Azawagh : peuplements et civilisations, du néolithique à l'arrivée de l'islam", Arab Immigrants in Latin American Politics, Descendants of Arabs thriving in S. America, "Arab roots grow deep in Brazil's rich melting pot", List of countries where arab is official language with pictures and flags, Countries by the number of recognized official languages, Countries and capitals in native languages, List of languages without official status, Languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, International Organization of Turkic Culture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_countries_where_Arabic_is_an_official_language&oldid=997234152, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Lists of administrative territorial entities by language, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Co-official language, along with Kurdish and, Siculo-Arabic, Byzantine Greek, Vulgar Latin, Andalusian Arabic, Mozarabic, Medieval Hebrew, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 16:08. Historically Arabic was the official language (in the territory which form nowadays the state Islamic Republic of Pakistan) during the time when this region was a part of the Umayyad Caliphate between 651 and 750. As of 2018, there are 23 sovereign states where Modern Standard Arabic is an official language. [21]:3, It is not entirely clear when Arabic first made its way to Cyprus, but Arabic speakers are known to have emigrated from the Levant in the late 12th century AD. [11]:1886 Some Turkish Cypriots were uni-lingual in Greek. Geographically a part of Asia, but geopolitically a part of Europe. Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities 2. Historically Arabic was the official language (in the territory which form nowadays the state of Turkey) during the time when this region was a part of the Umayyad Caliphate between 661 and 750 and later when it belonged to the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). It is reckoned written language first made its appearance in Cyprus in the 16th century BCE with the yet-to-be-deciphered Cypro-Minoan syllabary, an offshoot of Linear A "with some additional elements of hieroglyphic affiliation" that was the basis for the later Cypriot syllabary. Get the right job in Cyprus with company ratings & salaries. This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia. [21]:4, There is an unknown number of Roma, speakers of Kurbetcha (or Gurbetcha), a creole with vocabulary that is predominantly Romani and Cypriot Turkish grammar, residing in Northern Cyprus. Arabic and its different dialects are spoken by around 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world as well as in the Arab diaspora making it one of the five most spoken languages in the world. During the period of the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750), the 5th Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik (646–705) established Arabic instead of the local languages as the sole official state language of government across the entire caliphate. . [3]:4.5 The everyday spoken language (vernacular) of the majority of the population is Cypriot Greek, and that of Turkish Cypriots is Cypriot Turkish. Arabic is an indigenous language in the territory which form nowadays the state of Israel and which is still the lingua franca of Arab citizens of Israel as well as of Arab foreigners (especially Palestinians who have only a Palestinian Authority passport, not recognized by many countries. Explore similarities and differences. Therefore, Arabic is a recognized minority language in Turkey. It declares in article 31 No. This ICS is led by the Chief of Mission to develop a common set of Mission Goals and Objectives through a … The national public broadcaster of Turkey the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (also known as TRT) broadcasts TRT Al Arabiya a 24 hours a day TV channel in Arabic language (launched in April 2010). The following is a list of states with limited recognition as well as territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. © 2020 Intuit Inc. All rights reserved. : 220 Today, Cypriot Arabic (CA) is moribund with efforts being made to revitalise it. Cypriot Turkish is mutually intelligible with Standard Turkish. Nov 14, 2009 Damascus,(SANA)- Syria and Cyprus have common historic and Geographic factors since very ancient times that have played an important role in building relations of respect, cooperation and mutual understanding between the two countries, said Syrian ambassador to Egypt and Permanent Representative to the Arab League Yusuf Ahmad.AaIn a speech delivered before the … Arabic is a majority language of the native population in the United Arab Emirates as the majority of the population is composed of expatriates.[3]. According to Amir S. Cheshin, Bill Hutman and Avi Melamed "for centuries were the central figures". [17] Read on to discover how Muslim-friendly Cyprus is! Iran is a sovereign nation in the Middle East with a population of over 81million people. Eritrea no longer has official languages, but now instead has recognised national/working languages. It is spoken by an estimated 900 Cypriot Maronites, all over the age of 30. Along with the religion of Islam, the Arabic language, Arabic number system and Arab customs spread throughout the entire Arab caliphate. [9] The contemporary Cypriot Greek (CG)—the mother tongue of Greek Cypriots—evolved from later Byzantine Koine, under the influence of the languages of the many colonisers of the island. [14]:392, SMG has been the language of instruction in Greek Cypriot education since the late 19th century (then Katharevousa) and is the language used in Greek-language media in the country (though in a recognisably Cypriot form). The Arabic dialect Juba Arabic is still the lingua franca of the people in South Sudan. [8]:220 Today, Cypriot Arabic (CA) is moribund with efforts being made to revitalise it. Currently, the sole newspaper in Arabic language published in Iran is Kayhan Al Arabi out of 23 Persian dailies and three English dailies newspapers in Iran. In addition it has absorbed influences from Greek, Italian and English. The Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية‎, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) and the following Expansion of Islam (Arabic: انتشار الإسلام‎, Intishar al-Islām) led to the expansion of the Arabic language in Northern Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the Caucasus, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia. Information is available in Greek, English, French, Russian, Arabic, Persian- Farsi. It was eventually succeeded by Koine Greek in the fourth century BCE[4]:509 and later Byzantine Koine evolved into Cypriot Greek. Tigrinya, English and Arabic are the three most well known throughout the country and were the three former official languages. Iran. Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. Of those, most moved on to other countries. The Arabic language (alongside Hebrew) also remained as an official language in the State of Israel for the first 70 years after the proclamation in 1948 until 2018. There is also an Arab minority in Pakistan. MENA is an acronym for the Middle East and North Africa region, it is popularly used by academic, economic, social and international organizations. The constitution declares in Chapter II: (The Official Language, Script, Calendar, and Flag of the Country) in Article 16 "Since the language of the Qur`an and Islamic texts and teachings is Arabic, ..., it must be taught after elementary level, in all classes of secondary school and in all areas of study. Iran blocked Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates from joining as observers, lashing out at the former’s military record, while Turkey blocked Cyprus in a trend that marks a significant departure from normal U.N. protocol and might set a precedent for other bodies that operate on a consensus basis. Contact the nearest embassy or consulate of Cyprus Take advantage of our extensive embassy and consular database to find the nearest one. c. The Palestinian territories (also called the Israeli-occupied territories) are occupied by Israel but do not legally belong to the State of Israel according to the Supreme Court of Israel and the International Court of Justice of the United Nations (UN).d. [7] It is spoken by the Maronite community, which is a minority in Cyprus especially in the cities Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca. [2] [23]:6 According to the Eurobarometer, 76% of people of Cyprus can speak English, 12% can speak French and 5% can speak German. In addition, the constitution recognizes the Arabic language as the language of Islam, giving it a formal status as the language of religion, and regulates its spreading within the Iranian national curriculum. The Arab Christian (Antiochian Greek Christians) minority has the right to teach Arabic under the Treaty of Lausanne, however they tend to refrain from doing so in order to avoid sectarian tensions as the treaty does not apply to the Muslim majority. [24], Foreign language lessons become compulsory at the age of 9 (2008).[23]:11. Today it is a popular tourist destination. Siculo-Arabic (or Sicilian Arabic) was a spoken language on the islands of Sicily and neighbouring Malta (at that time Emirate of Sicily (831–1091)) between the end of the ninth century and the end of the twelfth century. Read on to discover how Muslim-friendly Cyprus is! A lot of times I feel that the Europeans don’t know the region — they talk about the region, but they don’t really know it,” he said. It was written in the Cypriot syllabary that was adopted for Arcadocypriot; the same writing system was used to write both (unrelated) languages. It is aimed at people in Cyprus from non-EU countries who would like to learn Greek, meet people, get oriented, and feel more at home in Cyprus. The Arabic courses will be offered as an elective language course like German, French and English which are already being offered to elementary school students for a long time. It is on the southeastern parts of Greece, northwestern side of Israel, south of Turkey, west of Lebanon and Syria and north of Egypt. Resources from other languages began to be translated into Arabic, and a unique Islamic identity began to form that fused previous cultures with Arab culture, creating a level of civilization and knowledge that was considered a marvel in Europe and the Western world. In 2008, the public university Payame Noor University declared that Arabic will be the "second language" of the university, and that all its services will be offered in Arabic, concurrent with Persian. Cyprus is an island nation in the Eastern Mediterranean which occupies an area of about 3,572sq miles. It has an area of 9,251 square km. According to the Emirates News Agency, the two ministers discussed the prospects of […] It has no land bordering countries. “Cyprus is a member of the EU, but at the same time we are a country of the region and what we want to do is to raise awareness in Brussels about the region and especially about Saudi Arabia. Following the 1974 Turkish invasion, Cyprus was effectively divided into two linguistically near-homogeneous areas: the Turkish-speaking north and the Greek-speaking south;[3]:2.2 only 1,405 speakers of Turkish reside in territory controlled by the Republic. According to the Constitution of Pakistan of 1956 the two languages Urdu (which is very close to Hindi, both also called Hindustani language which were two of the lingua franca of North India and Pakistan that time[21][22]) as well as Bengali (at that time the lingua franca in the territory which is today the independent state Bangladesh) became the national languages in the new founded state Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Information is available in Greek, English, French, Russian, Arabic, Persian- Farsi. Sometimes Kurbetcha, the language of the Kurbet, the Cypriot Roma, is included alongside the other two in literature, but it is not officially recognised in any capacity. Arabic name is shown on some Arabic majority cities seal. Fourth periodical presented to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe in accordance with Article 15 of the Charter. Arabic is spoken by a minority in Niger especially by the Diffa Arabs (also known as Mahamid Arabs) an Arab nomadic tribespeople who is living in eastern Niger, mostly in the Diffa Region. Today, Western Armenian is taught in Armenian schools (Nareg) and is the first language of about 3,000 people of Armenian descent in the Republic. Sovereign states where Arabic is an official language, States with limited recognition and territories where Arabic is an official language, Countries where Arabic is a national/working language or a recognized minority language, Countries where Arabic has a special status according to the constitution, Non-sovereign entities and territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language, Territories where Arabic was an official or de facto official language and later replaced or repealed. The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. Below is a list of country names in English and Arabic in alphabetical order, with the official country names and local country names. It is aimed at people in Cyprus from non-EU countries who would like to learn Greek, meet people, get oriented, and feel more at home in Cyprus. The Knesset canceled the status of Arabic as an official language by adopting the relevant Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People on 19 July 2018. Easy to use internet radio. 2 that "The State shall endeavour, as respects the Muslims of Pakistan (a) to make the teaching of the Holy Quran and Islamiat compulsory, to encourage and facilitate the learning of Arabic language ..."[25]. Kurbetcha is not protected by the Charter and has been little studied. [10], Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Mali. This Agreement is subject to ratification according to the constitutional procedures in each country. For the time that the two languages co-existed, the peoples of Cyprus were bilingual (and bicultural). Cyprus is an island in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea.It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia, and the 80th largest island in the world by area. Cyprus visa services for citizens of Pakistan residing in United Arab Emirates. 322 open jobs in Cyprus. It is the third populous and third largest island in the Mediterranean. It includes fully recognized states, states with limited but substantial international recognition, de facto states with little or no international recognition, and dependencies of both Asian and non-Asian states. Cypriot Arabic (also known as Cypriot Maronite Arabic) is taught at the Elementary School of St. Maron, which is located in Anthoupolis southern of Nicosia, Cyprus.[8]. Several traditional food (such as souvla and halloumi) and beverages are similar, as well as expressions and ways of life. CA has traits in common with some north Syrian and Mesopotamian dialects and sedentary vernaculars spoken on the Levantine coast. Cyprus and United Arab Emirates living comparison. The term “Middle East” was coined in the 19th century to refer to the transcontinental area between southwest Asia and North Africa. [20], Armenians have inhabited Cyprus since the sixth century AD, but about 9,000 more arrived from Turkey in the early 20th century to escape the Armenian Genocide. d. ^ The constitution of Pakistan states in Article 31 No. SMG exerts a continuing influence on CG, and CG speakers code-mix and code-switch between the two varieties in formal settings. CYPRUS WAS HITITE, ASSYRIAN, EGYPTIAN, PERSIAN, ARAB, GREEK, TURKISH etc:-Throughout history, nearly all the leading civilizations were present in the island. A form of Arabic was spoken on the Mediterranean island of Crete (Emirate of Crete) from the late 820s (c. 824 or 827/828) until the Byzantine reconquest in 961. As of 2018, there are 4 independent countries where Arabic has a special status according to the constitution. Greek and Turkish are its official languages.Its official currency is Euro (EUR). The country covers an area of 3,572 square miles and has a population size of approximately 1.17 million. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic has a special status according to the constitution. The law declares in No. b. Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities The natives or inhabitants of this region are called Cypriot. Arabic courses are mandatory starting from 6th year of schooling (1st year of Middle School) until the 11th year (penultimate year of High School). Out of the 193 member states of the United Nations, 162 member states currently recognize the State of Israel. These codes are used throughout the IT industry by computer systems and software to ease the identification of country names. [22]:3 In 2014, it was reported that, in the 2011 census, of all 3,656 Maronite Cypriots in Republic of Cyprus-controlled areas "none declared [Cypriot Arabic] to be their first language". . In both communities, music, dance and art are integral parts of social life and many artistic, verbal and nonverbal expressions, traditional dances such as tsifteteli, similarities … CG differs markedly from Standard Modern Greek (SMG),[10] particularly in its phonology, morphology and vocabulary, and CG may be difficult for speakers of other varieties of Greek to understand[11]:1886 or may even be unintelligible to some. Nicosia is its capital and largest city. It specifies that "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."[19]. [4], The 2011 census of the Republic recorded 679,883 native speakers of Greek, 34,814 of English, 24,270 of Romanian, 20,984 of Russian and 18,388 of Bulgarian of a total of 840,407. [28], The Arabic language remained the lingua franca of high culture under the Fatimids (909–1171), Spanish Umayyads (856–1031) in the Iberian Peninsula, and later Muslim dynasties in North Africa and Spain and of the Mamluks (1250–1517) in Egypt and Syria-Palestine.[29]. English features on road signs, public notices, and in advertisements, etc. 4 (B) that "The Arabic language has a special status in the state; Regulating the use of Arabic in state institutions or by them will be set in law." Three "religious groups" are recognised by the constitution; two have their own language: Armenian (the language of Armenian Cypriots) and Cypriot Arabic (the language of Maronite Cypriots). However, the composition of countries in the Middle East remains contentious even to date. [4]:534–535[11]:1887, Many Turkish Cypriots have traditionally (prior to 1974) been fluent in CG, meaning CG served as the "vernacular lingua franca" of the island. [5], The languages of Cyprus have historically exerted influence on one another; Cypriot Greek and Cypriot Turkish borrowed heavily from each other, and Cypriot Greek has helped shape Cypriot Arabic's phonology. CYPRUS", "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. The Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People (an Israeli Basic Law which specifies the nature of the State of Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish People) states in No. [4]:508–509,536–537,549, Proficiency in English is high (higher than in many other European countries), and Cypriots that receive education in English might code-switch between Cypriot Greek and English. Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Niger. [25]:109–110 The Cypro-Minoan syllabary may have been used to write more than one language.[26]:60ff. A mukhtar (Arabic: مختار ‎ "chosen one"; Greek: μουχτάρης) is a village chief in the Levant: "an old institution that goes back to the time of the Ottoman rule". 4 (B) that "The Arabic language has a special status in the state; Regulating the use of Arabic in state institutions or by them will be set in law." Welcome to BBAC bank website where you can find all the information you need about personal and business banking services. f. Yemen's seat is taken by the Cabinet of Yemen (which is disputed by the Houthi Supreme Revolutionary Committee). e. Syria's seat currently occupied by the Syrian National Coalition,[4] while Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic suspended on 16 November 2011. In chronological order, Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Arabs, Lusignans, Venetians, and Ottomans were in the island at some time. Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Senegal. It was Eurocentric and commonly used by the Western World. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia. There are several TV channels in Arabic language broadcasting from Iran, namely, Al-Alam, Al-Kawthar TV as well as IFilm. Cyprus and Greece will join Egypt, France and the United Arab Emirates in conducting a joint sea-air exercise in Alexandria, Egypt starting Monday. General Ayub Khan the second President of Pakistan advocated the institution of Arabic language teaching as part of national planning. Iran … "[24], The Arabic language is mentioned in the constitution of Pakistan. Listen to the top Arabic Music radio stations from Cyprus and more than 50000 online radio stations for free on mytuner-radio.com. Greek Cypriots' tendency to "downplay the differences between the two varieties"[12]:35 has been thought to help preserve diglossia in circumstances that would have otherwise led to the demise of the low variety (CG). 4 independent countries where Arabic is taught for free cyprus country in arabic is promoted in some Islamic centres predominantly in Middle! 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