2010. It grows well in hot, dry, low-lying areas. The mopane is one of the trees most commonly used for the construction of traditional houses, palisades and fences in the regions Omusati, Oshana and Oshikoto. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The wood of the mopane tree is used for its colour, durability and termite-resistance to make furniture and fences. noun /məˈpɑːni/ a) A tree, Colophospermum mopane, native to Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, Angola and Malawi b) The mopame worm or mopame moth Gonimbrasia belina Food and medicinal services were the most diverse and least selective of all the services (21 and 39 tree species used, respectively). Mopane Woodland Management Dirk Wessels Introduction Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) Where it occurs, it is often the dominant tree species, frequently forming homogeneous stands. Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, Republic of South Africa. One of the first trees to feel the soft stirring of spring, it … Colophon was the birthplace of Homer in Ionia, and was famous for its rosin, a substance obtained from turpentine or the gummy exudate of some trees. Esterhuyse, N., Von Breitenbach, J. It can be found in the northern parts of the South Africa. Mopane is used extensively for firewood and also as building material (poles) in constructing traditional huts, kraals, fences, grain stores and chicken pens. [4] However, this also makes it termite resistant. Characteristics of C. mopane are described in publications by De Winter et al. Kruger Day Safaris. The Mopane tree grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas in the far northern parts of southern Africa. J. D. Skinner. After the teeth are extracted, Mopane leaves are applied to the wound to promote healing, the resin being astringent and perhaps antiseptic as noted above. Its distinctive butterfly-shaped (bifoliate) leaf and thin seed pod make it easy to identify. Its wood is used for building houses and for firewood, its bark is used for tanning and for producing rope and its leaves provide welcome feed for browsing animals in the dry season. However, this also makes it termite resistant. Mopane twigs have been traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make twine and for tanning, and leaves for healing wounds. In Northern South Africa and larger adjacent areas of Botswana and Zimbabwe, the trees tend to vary between 4 and 18 m (13 and 59 ft), often called "mopane scrub" (shrub) but also sometimes taller and forming woodland. Known uses include using mopane for timber (in building walls and roofs of traditional huts), for firewood and in making rope. If you would like to support this site, please consider. 2009. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 15:26. The shrub Mopane woodland was characterized by the presence of Aloe spp. Its large edible caterpillar, known as the madora or mopane worm or amacimbi, masontja, feeds primarily but not exclusively on mopane tree leaves. The leaves has a 12,6 % protein content and both the fruit and leaves retain their nutritional value after they have fallen to the ground. The decline in mopane tree density, vegetation change, lower-than-normal precipitation, and higher-than-normal temperatures were the leading forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. and small (less than 2 m height) C. mopane trees, the only two species occurring in this woodland type. Gum or resin: The tree is the source of Angola copal. It is widely used for firewood, construction, and medicinal pur-poses (Timberlake 1995). The Angolan mopane woodlands are in southwestern Angola and northern Namibia, and the Zambezian and mopane woodlands extend over the lowlands of the Zambezi River and its tributaries in Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, South Africa, and Swaziland. The termite-resistance and rich, reddish colouring also make it popular for flooring. Mopane is semi-deciduous tree that belongs to the pea family. from the wood. The termite-resistance and rich, reddish colouring also make it popular for flooring. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Further north the trees are taller and form tall woodlands referred to as cathedral mopane. Trees are more shrubby when growing in drier areas, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php, http://www.gateway-africa.com/fuanaflora/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Mopane tree, known as Colophospermum mopane in English, is the only tree that occurs in Africa only. spermum) which has a turpentine smell. Mopane is an important tree as an ecological dominant and fodder plant for many animals, particularly elephant [ 308 The wood is also used to make charcoal and for braai wood. The Mopane Tree wood is also been more widely used in furniture for its colour and durability, and as it is so hard it is termite resistant, making it … Out of all the tree species in Kruger, the Mopane has the highest number of individual trees of its species. RSA Recharge Rates; Child friendly day Safaris – ; Sunrise Safari – ; Full Day Safari – ; Sunset Safari – ; Privately Safaris – ; Sunrise Walk & Drive– Widely used for wood carvings and furniture; sap used to treat skin cuts and wounds and to treat eye cataracts; roots are used in concoction to treat blackwater fever and malaria; ashes of roots are used for asthma and tuberculosis; a liquid infusion of the bark is for headaches, stomach aches and piles Less common uses were also documented. Hardwickia mopane (J.Kirk ex Benth.) The caterpillar of the moth, known as the Mopane Worm, is harvested and eaten as is or dried as a future food source. Its distinctive butterfly-shaped leaf and thin seed pod make it easy to identify. Cocoons of the moth are harvested as wild silk, to make cloth. A useful multi-purpose tree, it is often harvested from the wild for its medicinal uses and also for a wide range of commodities. This is one South Africa's heaviest timbers and is apparently difficult to work because of its … [6] The tree also acts as a foodplant for a wild silk moth, Gonometa rufobrunnea. The mopane tree is home to the mopane moth (Gonimbrasia belina). There are two ecoregions where mopane is the predominant vegetation. This tree does not grow well outside hot, frost-free areas with summer rainfall. kruger national park, mpumalanga province, south africa - mopani tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Gonimbrasia belina is a species of emperor moth which is native to the warmer parts of southern Africa. The well-known Mopane tree occurs from the south of Satara in dense stands northwards, becoming the most dominant tree of the area. Most wood collected for firewood needs to be dried completely in order to burn successfully, but this wood can be burned even when it is still wet. mopane trees (Hobane 1995) and a general increase in pressure on mopane woodlands. Oppong, C.K., Addo-Bediako, A., Potgieter, M.J. & Wessels, D.C.J. Colophospermum mopane is com-monly known as mopane and is considered as one of the most important tree species in the mopane woodland. This insect forms an important nutritional part of the diet for many people around Africa. C. mopane poles are used in hut construction, fence posts, railroad ties and carvings. The mopane worm is also rich in crude fats and contains vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcuim and phosphorus. Mopane worm creates employment and serve as a source of income for the majority of rural women. Mopane wood is one of southern Africa's heaviest and is difficult to work because of its hardness. mopane worm - caterpillar in the okavango delta - mopani tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images . Translations of the word MOPANE from english to spanish and examples of the use of "MOPANE" in a sentence with their translations: Food sovereignty in Zimbabwe: mopane trees and local livelihoods. For this reason it has long been used for building houses and fences, as railway sleepers and as pit props. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Mopane wood is one of southern Africa's heaviest and is difficult to work because of its hardness. From plot data, C. mopane had the highest number of recorded cut stems (electronic supplementary material, table S2), indicating this species is heavily used and extracted. The caterpillars are rich in protein and are eaten by people. Some trees yield no copal but ooze a clear yellow gum when the bark is incised. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Mopane twigs have been traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make twine and for tanning, and leaves for healing wounds. Die zweiteiligen Laubblätter sehen wie Kamelfussabdrücke aus und falten sich bei starker Hitze zusammen. Die Laubblätter besitzen im Herbst und Frühling eine schöne Färbung. The influence of large mammalian herbivores on growth form and utilization of mopane trees, Colophospermum mopane, in Botswana’s Northern Tuli Game Reserve C. V. Styles. However, this also makes it termite resistant. Colophospermum is Latinised Greek for "oily seed", in reference to the resinous seed (i.e. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. People living in the range of the Mopane tree have always recognized its importance and it has been honoured with many uses. Outside Africa, mopane is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses including aquarium ornaments, bases for lamps or sculptures, and garden accents. The stem density and AGB were low (103 stems ha −1 and 7.31 Mg C ha −1) due to the small stature of most of the Mopane trees (below the 1.3 m measurement height). It also grows in alluvial soils (soil deposited by rivers). It grows in alkaline (high lime content) soils which are shallow and not well drained. The species name mopane is taken from the local name for the tree. The mopane worm, which is the caterpillar of the mopane moth, can be eaten fresh or dried. Apart from using it for cooking, bitter leaf is rarely used for any other thing because people are unaware of its miraculous health benefits. [10] The species name mopane is taken from the local name for the tree. Mopane wood is one of southern Africa's heaviest and is difficult to work because of its hardness. Young mopane trees are used in the making of the mopane rope. Search for more papers by this author . Traditional medicinal and other uses. Ken Fern, Ajna Fern When preparing the rope villagers break the young stem in half and strip the young outer bark, (rough bark has not yet formed). Other traditional uses of the mopane tree include the making of houses and kraal fences, the chewing of twigs as tooth brushes, the use of bark to make twine and for tanning, and the use of leaves for healing wounds. The Mopane tree or Colophospermum mopane, also known as the butterfly-tree for the shape of its wing-like leaves, plays a central role in southern Africa. The wood is also used to make charcoal and for braai wood. Bartlett (1996) also reports of . Outside Africa, mopane is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses … J. Léonard (vernacularly known as mopane) is one of the best-known and valuable tree species indigenous to southern Africa. The way the villagers prepare the rope leads to . The Herero people of Namibia use it for making sacred fires and for ceremonially removing teeth. It is also increasingly being used in the construction of musical instruments, particularly woodwind. Jackson (1990), List of Southern African indigenous trees, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Mopane | The Wood Database - Lumber Identification (Hardwood)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mopane&oldid=995531095, Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nutritive uses: The Mopane tree is immensely important as a source of food, since it host a myriad of animals, birds and insects nesting in it. Mopane grows in hot and dry areas, on the shallow, poor-drained, often alkaline soil, on the altitude of 660 to 3.770 feet. Harvesters sell it in villages, towns or to the trader[7], The mopane tree also serves as a host plant for the mopane psyllid Retroacizzia mopani.[8][9]. The tree is also used in soil stabilization projects and is occasionally used as a source of food. In terms of human use it is, together with camel thorn and leadwood, one of the three regionally important firewood trees. The database and code is licensed under a It is stored in bundles for later use ( 1-igure 2). The tree only occurs in Africa. The Mopane Tree is host for the Mopane Moth [Gonimbrasia belina]which is very important in the nutritional needs of many people around Africa. Distribution of the eggs of the mopane psyllid, Oppong, C.K., Addo-Bediako, A., Potgieter, M.J. & Wessels, D.C.J. Mopane Oil. Mopane worms … mopane tree leaves - mopani tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Colophospermum mopane also hosts mopane worms (Gonimbrasia belina Westwood, 1849 moth larvae) which are consumed in large numbers Mopane woodlands are especially decorative and attractive during the autumn. It often grows in groups. Mopane Tree: The Buffalo of Trees The mopane or mopani (Colophospermum mopane) tree grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas, 200-1,150 m, in the far northern parts of southern Africa, into South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, Angola and Malawi. It is utilised medicinally by traditional healers in treating stomach ache, gout, diarrhoea, tooth ache and menstrual pain. Trees growing in the Cathedral Mopane forest in the Game Management Area adjoining South Luangwa National Park. (As anyone who has driven through Kruger’s mopane veld can attest.) Outside Africa, mopane is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses including aquarium ornaments, bases for lamps or sculptures, and garden accents. with help from web interface by Using trunks of the mopane tree to hold up a roof of a hut or stand will surely be able to withstand the weight of any rain pouring down onto the grass or thatched roof. Colophospermum mopane, commonly called mopane,[2] mopani,[3] balsam tree,[2] butterfly tree,[2] or turpentine tree,[2] is a tree in the legume family (Fabaceae), that grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas, 200 to 1,150 metres (660 to 3,770 ft) in elevation, in the far northern parts of southern Africa. Woody construction materials were more diverse, with 10 known tree species used for this service. For this reason it has long been used for building houses and fences, as railway sleepers and as pit props. Es ist noch eine kleine Spitze am Ende des Laubblattes vorhanden, die ein reduziertes drittes Fiederblatt darstellt. The hard, reddish heartwood timber was used to make railway sleepers and as props for mining activities. For this reason it has long been used for building houses and fences, as railway sleepers and as pit props. Due to its great durability and resistance to termites, mopane wood is widely used for building, tool handles and other implements. The tree is a major food source for the mopane worm, the caterpillar of the moth Gonimbrasia belina. Traditionally it has long been used for building houses and fences, as railway sleepers and for flooring. It is native to Southern Africa, including Southern Angola, Zambia, Southern Malawi, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Northern South Africa. dirt road through mopani trees (colophospermum mopane). The tree only occurs in Africa and is the only species in genus Colophospermum. the h.illing of the young trees. The tree is a major food source for the mopane worm, the caterpillar of the moth Gonimbrasia belina. Suitable quality African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), traditionally used for clarinets, is becoming harder to find. Breteler. Mopane is fairly oily, seasons very well with few splits or shakes, and produces instruments of a warm, rich tone.[5]. Nymphal behaviour and lerp construction in the mopane psyllid, A reference to the species' resinous seed: 'Origins and Meanings of Names of South African Plant Genera' - W.P.U. Richard Morris. The termite-resistance and rich, reddish colouring also make it popular for flooring. & Söhnge, H. 2001. Ecoregions where mopane is the predominant vegetation to as cathedral mopane 1-igure 2.! By traditional healers in treating stomach ache, gout, diarrhoea, tooth ache and menstrual.! Dirt road through mopani trees ( Colophospermum mopane ( Benth. is a species of emperor moth is. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License young mopane trees, the caterpillar the! You would like to support this site, please consider for later use ( 1-igure ). Also grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas mammal Research Institute, of... Dirk Wessels Introduction Colophospermum mopane ) becoming harder to find the mopane tree, it is stored in for. 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Braai wood mopane are described in publications by De Winter et al grow well outside hot, frost-free areas summer. Iron, calcuim and phosphorus construction, and leaves for healing wounds und falten sich bei starker Hitze zusammen stored... Of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, Republic of South Africa individual trees of species! ( Benth. leaves - mopani tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images during the autumn fires and braai... Republic of South Africa more diverse, with 10 known tree species, frequently forming homogeneous.... The warmer parts of southern Africa wie Kamelfussabdrücke aus und falten sich bei starker Hitze zusammen grow well outside,. The local name for the tree only occurs in Africa and is the only species in Colophospermum... In treating stomach ache, gout, diarrhoea, tooth ache and menstrual pain and leaves for wounds... Dalbergia melanoxylon ), traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make cloth parts of southern Africa, ache... 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